Recommendations on preparation of the summary of article

Recommendations on preparation of the summary of article


The summary (abstract) in the periodical is a source of the information on a content of article and the results of researches stated in it.
The summary (abstract) carries out following functions:
Provides the way to establish the basic content of the document, to define its relevance and to solve, whether it is necessary to address to the full text of the document;
Provides the information on the document and eliminates the need of reading the full text of the document in case the document represents minor interest for the reader;
It is used in information, including automated, systems for search of documents and the information.
 The summary (abstract) to article should be:
Informative (to not contain the general words);
Original;
Substantial (to reflect the basic content of article and results of researches);
Structured (to follow logic of the description of results in article);
Compact (to keep within volume from 120  to 250 words).
 The summary (abstract) includes following aspects of a content of article:
Subject matter, objective of work;
Method or methodology of carrying out of work;
Results of work;
Scope of results;
Conclusions.
The sequence of a statement of a content of article can be changed, having begun with a statement of results of work and conclusions.
The subject matter, subject matter, objective of work are specified in the event that they are not clear from the title of article.

Method and methodology of carrying out of work expediently to describe in the event that they differ novelty or are of interest from the point of view of the given work. In abstracts of the documents describing experimental works, specify sources of data and character of their processing.
Results of work describe maximum precisely and informatively. The basic theoretical and experimental results, the fact sheet, the detected interrelations and laws are resulted. Thus is preferred new results and data of long-term value, the important opening, conclusions which deny existing theories, as well as to data who in opinion of the author, are of practical significance.
Conclusions can be accompanied by recommendations, assessments, offers, the hypotheses described in article.
The information occuring the title of article, should not repeat in the text of the summary (abstract). It is necessary to avoid extra introduction phrases (for example, « the author of article considers … »).
Historical information if they do not make the basic content of the document, the description before the published works and commonly known positions in the summary (abstract) are not resulted.
In the text of the summary (abstract) it is necessary to use the syntactic designs which are peculiar to language scientific and technical documentation, to avoid complex grammatic designs.
In the text of the summary (abstract) it is necessary to apply meaningful words from the text of article.